SIMON STONE: Of WATERTOWN
SIMON & GREGORY STONE'S CHURCH IN ESSEX, ENGLAND
St. George's Church in Great Bromley, Essex was the church where Gregory and Simon and many other Stones were baptized and married and buried. There are some wonderful pictures of it posted here . The spectacular double hammerbeam roof-ceiling is in need of repair, and this link includes information on making tax-deductible contributions (for both US and UK residents) for this worthwhile project.
Hammerbeam construction connotes the horizontal projection of the roof beam from the wall, braced by a strut that rests on wall posts. A vertical post from the end of the beam projects upward, meeting the rafters; another curves over the open space and comes down on the hammer beam on the opposite side. A double hammerbeam system adds a second row of horizontal beams with their upper and lower braces. The purpose of this is to transfer the thrust to the walls, but the visual result alone would make it worthwhile, even if it were only decorative, not structural. Take a look at the photos and all will become clear! (July 2002)
THE ENGLISH ANCESTRY OF
SIMON AND GREGORY STONE.
William E. Stone, Cambridge, Mass, 1897
A copy of the will of Simon Stone is published in the N. E. Genealogical Register, Vol. III, p. 182, and the Middlesex Probate Records state that the will was "exhibited on oath as the last will of the said Simon Stone by his brother Gregory Stone and Steeven Day." Here we have positive proof of the relationship between Simon and Gregory.
Gregory Stone came to New England about the same time as Simon,--the exact date has not been discovered. His name is on the list of townsmen of Watertown, Feb. 28, 1636-7, but he finally settled at Cambridge, Mass. He and Simon appeared together and took the freeman's oath, May 25, 1636.
He lived in Cambridge only a little more than a mile distant from his brother Simon, whose estate in Watertown was just on the boundary line between Watertown and Cambridge. Rev. Jonathan Mitchell's list of the original members of the church of Cambridge gives Gregory Stone's family as follows:
"Gregory Stone, Deacon of this church, and Lydia, his wife. Children: John, Daniel, David, Elizabeth, Samuel and Sarah. Also John Cooper, son of the aforesaid Lydia, and Lydia Fiske, her daughter." Lydia was the widow of Cooper when Gregory Stone married her. Gregory Stone died at Cambridge, Nov. 30, 1672, aged 80 years.
Mr. Somerby found, on examining the Parish Register of Nayland, Suffolk Co., England, that Gregory Stone had been a resident of that place before coming to New England. Nayland, Suffolk Co., on the river Stour, is only three miles distant from Boxted, in Essex, where Simon Stone in 1630 was taxed for land.
Extracts from the Parish Register of Nayland, taken in 1892:
1617--Julie--the 20 daie were mar Gregory Stonne and Margaret Garrad.
1618--July--The last daie was bapt. John, sonne of Gregory Stonne.
1620--August--The 15 day was bap. Daniel ye sonne of Gregory Stone.
1622--Septem: 22 was bapt. David ye sonne of Gregorie Stone.
1624--October. 3 was bap. Elizabeth, the daughter of Gregory Stone.
1626--Aug: 4 was buryed Margrett, the wife of Gregory Stone.
1626--Aug: 6 was buryed Elizabeth the daughter of Gregory Stone.
1628--March 6, was bap. Elizabethe the dau. of Gregorie Stone.
1630--February 4, daie was bapt. Samuell sonne of Gregory Stone.
1632--Feby. 8, was bapt. Sarah daughter of Gregory Stonne.
From researches by William E. Stone of Cambridge, Mass., in 1897, and more recent ones by members of the Stone Association in 1907, the following facts:
There can be no doubt that Gregory Stone of Nayland, Suffolk County, England, and Gregory Stone of Cambridge, Mass., are the same. The Nayland Register shows that Gregory Stone was married twice; that his first wife, Margaret Garrad, was the mother of his first three children, John, Daniel and David; and the mother of the other three, Elizabeth, Samuel and Sarah, was his second wife, whom we know to have been the widow Lydia Cooper.
Simon and Gregory Stone have both been located in England, not long before they came to this country, Simon at Boxted in Essex, and Gregory at Nayland in Suffolk; but both, it is evident, were born elsewhere and Emma M. Walford, the well-known genealogist of London, found the records of their baptisms on the Parish Registers of Much Bromley. Much Bromley, now called Great Bromley, Essex County, England, is only about nine or ten miles from Boxted and Nayland.
From Registers of Baptisms, 1559-1660
1585-6. 9 Feb. Simond, son of Davie Stone & Ursly
1592. 19 Ap. Gregorie Stone, son of David Stone.
1616. 5 Aug. Symond Stone & Joan Clarke were married.
Here we have the baptism of Simon Stone, Feb. 9, 1585-6. We know that his wife's maiden name was Joan Clarke, and we have here the marriage of Simon Stone and Joan Clarke, Aug. 5, 1616. As to Gregory, his baptism, April 19, 1592, agrees with his age as given by Savage, who says he was eighty years old when he died in 1672.
From later researches in 1907: Simon Stone of Watertown and Gregory Stone of Cambridge, the original emigrants, were born in Much Bromley, now Great Bromley, Essex County, England, and their ancestry has been traced beyond reasonable doubt to Symond Stone of Much Bromley, who died in 1510. Symond Stone of Much Bromley owned a property called "Walles," situated in Ardleigh, which he bequeathed to his second son, Walter Stone. Ardleigh and Much Bromley are adjoining parishes and their churches are only three miles apart. There can be no doubt that the Stones mentioned in the Court Rolls of Ardleigh are of the same family from which Simon and Gregory Stone, the emigrants, descended. The will of Symond Stone of Much Bromley, dated May 12, 1506, probated Feb. 10, 1510, names four sons, David, Walter, Myhyll (i. e., Miles), and William.
The line of descent is supposed to be:
Symond Stone of Much Bromley.
David Stone of Much Bromley.
Symond Stone of Much Bromley.
David Stone of Much Bromley.
Simon and Gregory Stone, the emigrants.
As Walter Stone inherited an estate in Ardleigh, his sons, if he had any, would naturally be residents of Ardleigh, rather than of Great Bromley. Of Myhyll, the third son, not the slightest mention has been found, either in the Essex Wills or in the Parish Registers, and it is quite probable that he died unmarried.
William Stone, the youngest son, had only one son, named William. It seems; therefore, fair to assume that Symond Stone3 of Much Bromley, who is known to be the father of David Stone4, who was the father of Simon Stone5 and Gregory Stone5, the emigrants, was the son of Symond Stone's1 eldest son, David Stone2.
Source:Bibliographic Information: Hotchkiss, Fanny Winchester. Winchester Notes. New Haven, Conn.: The Tuttle, Morehouse & Taylor Co., 1912 pg91-95